- There are 2 broad categories of exempt supply. They include the sale and lease of residential properties and financial services specified in paragraph 1 of the Fourth Schedule to the GST Act. GST will not be charged on the exempt supply. Generally, any GST incurred in making exempt supplies cannot be claimed as input tax.
- An Out-of-Scope Supply is a supply which is not made in Singapore (for example, sale of goods from China to India where the goods do not enter Singapore). Since these supplies fall outside the scope of GST, GST is not chargeable on these supplies.
For the purpose of determining your liability for GST registration, the value of exempt supplies that are international services under Gst Act should also be excluded from your total taxable supplies.
GST is a self-assessed tax. This means that businesses are required to continually assess the need to register for GST. Registering for GST is compulsory when the turnover of your business is more than S$1 million for the past 12 months or is expected to be more than S$1 million in the next 12 months.
Once a person is liable to register, he should inform the Comptroller of GST within 30 days from the day the liabilities arises. If the total turnover of your company is more than S$1 million in any past 12 months and you have not informed the Comptroller of your liability, you should do so immediately.
If the Turnover of the company for the past 12 months is less than S$1 million, no action is required from you.
The only exception is if you are certain that your combined turnover for the next 12 months will be not more than S$1 million.
- You need to assess if your turnover in any past 12 months2 or the next 12 months is more than S$1 million.
- If it is, you need to register for GST Registration immediately.
- If it is not, no action is required from you from this point. However, you need to continue to monitor your turnover and ensure that you register for GST once your liability arises.
You have to monitor your turnover by splitting the 12 months into 4 quarters. Quarter means a period of 3 months ending on the last date of March, June, September or December.
You are required to be register for GST if:
- At the end of any quarter, where the total value of your turnover in that quarter and the previous 3 quarters is more than S$1 million.
- At any time, if you have reasonable grounds to believe the value of your turnover in the next 12 months will be more than S$1 million.
If you are granted an exemption, you need not file GST returns. However, you will not be able to claim the GST incurred on your business purchases of goods or services.
“Zero-Rated Supplies” refer to export of goods or international services. For example, provision of international transport.
- Yes. you will be required to account for and pay the GST on all your taxable supplies made from the date that you should be registered and to pay the relevant penalties. This is so, even if you did not collect any GST from your customers.
- Accounting for GST on all your taxable supplies. These include the disposal of business assets and the recovery of expenses from third party
- Displaying, advertising, publishing or quoting GST-inclusive price for any supply of goods or services to the public.
- Maintaining all business accounts and records for at least five years.
- Excluding GST claims on purchases incurred for exempt supplies and non-business activities, and appointing your claim on the residual input tax e.g. GST on overheads expenses.
- e-Filing GST returns even if there are no business transactions/ no taxable supplies made and pay the tax by the due date, if applicable. Filing of GST return and payment is due one month after the end of the GST accounting period. Penalties will be imposed on late submission and payment.
- Notifying the comptroller in writing within 30 days if there is a change in your business circumstances.These include change(s) in:- Business constitution;
- Business name; or
- Registered / mailing address
- Informing the Comptroller in writing and applying for cancellation of GST registration if your business ceases to make taxable supplies within 30 days from the date of cessation.
- Accounting for GST on the open market value of all taxable business assets held where the total value is more than S$10,000 on the last day of your GST registration and input tax has been allowed on these assets previously.
- Where an offence under the GST Act has been committed by a company, firm, society or other body of persons, any person who was director, manager, secretary, partner officer acting in a similar capacity at the time the offence was committed by the company, shall be guilty of the offence, unless the person can prove that the offence was committed without his consent.